49 seconds ago
◽ What is a substance?
It is a general term. General terms differentiate the substance as generic terms, specific differences and type terms (genus, differentia specifica and species). They aim at the substance as a whole and they express the content, because of which this particular being is a substance. This is what we call the essence (essentia), or the quiditas (what something is). The essence is the mode in which being has being or is being.
The essence can not express the individual side of things, because the form can not exist without matter. (Matter is the principle of individuation). Materiality and the mode of individuality it causes are not covered by the essence.
To sum up: The essence is the notion of what something is and of what principles constitute it. What is, the being of beings, can not be grounded in essence. But beings consist of essence + being.
Being and Essence
Quod est - What is
What: factual content
Is: mere being
Another formulation is quod habet esse, what has being. If you say from something that it is, then you mean its being-in-act (in actu esse). The essence is possibility compared to the actuality of the act of being (actus essendi). Being is for the being things that by what it is (quo est). The essence (form + matter) determines being, but it does not create it. When form and matter come together, they incorporate being and limit it. The form mediates being to all beings, because it determines matter. That means that being and essence are not independent from the concrete beings.
And here we are at the not resolvable duality of being and essence. This is called the distinctio realis. This distinction is at the core of Thomas ontology.
#Catholic #Atheist #Christian #religion #god #knowledge #philosophy #Christian #classicaltheism #logic #reason
1 minute ago
California is dead.🥀
7 minutes ago
Aye a nice surprise
8 minutes ago
11 minutes ago
here are some late but great pictures from the #grammys 💚❤️
18 minutes ago
waited until the end of summer to get a new bikini #logic 🤷🏼♀️👙
27 minutes ago
Dont get in drama
33 minutes ago
“I am legend, I feel like all of y'all is peasants
I feel like all of y'all is desperate
I feel like all it take is a second to feel like
Mike Jordan whenever holdin' a real mic
I ain't feelin' your presence
Feel like I'ma learn you a lesson
Feel like only me and the music, though
I feel like your feelin' ain't mutual
I feel like the enemy you should know
Feel like the feelin' of no hope” .
Probably my favorite song off DAMN is FEEL. FEEL uses the sample from Fleurie’s, “don't let me down.” It’s one of my favorites not just because of the instrumental and Kendrick’s flow, but because of the sheer skill on the mic Kendrick displays. The song basically refers to his view on life and how he feels it’s him against the world, how the odds are stacked against him. Noticing the harsh reality of people, fake ness, betrayals, and disloyalty. Feeling as if no one is praying for him. I remember going to see Kendrick when he came to LA for the DAMN TOUR. When he played FEEL is was probably the most relaxed part of the concert. Everyone listened and sang along. To watch him live and see how he changes an audience due to his body language was something special. It was one of my most memorable moments from that concert. #kendricklamar #damn
36 minutes ago
Logic - 44 More. This new track is fucken fire af. #logic #44more